Time For Justice ‹ Panorama (2022)

This programme contains racist In the rural Highlands of Jamaica

:00:15.:00:20.

lies the body of a black teenager murdered by a gang of white racists

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18 years ago. His name represents one of the most shameful episodes

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of British race relations history. It has come to symbolise an iconic

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struggle against injustice and sends a shudder through the

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corridors of power. His name is Stephen Lawrence. The murder in

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South London... Stephen Lawrence's family are determined to carry on

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their long search... Out of the blue he was attacked and stabbed.

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Stephen Lawrence's 19th birthday, his family lead a vigil... For 18

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years, Doreen and Neville Lawrence have struggled to win justice for

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their murdered son. The justice system is saying you can do

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whatever you like to black people and we will not do anything to you.

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This is a story of how an ordinary family exposed one of Britain's

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biggest organisations as institutionally racist. One of the

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factors in my mind was the family were black. Since 1993, the prime

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suspects have treated the justice system with content. They were

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laughing in our faces. They knew that was it. They had got away with

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murder. Panorama has been granted exclusive access to Doreen Lawrence

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and her family. The fact that somebody has been held to account

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and they have gone to prison for him, that will be the closure.

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follow the story of one woman's relentless fight for justice on the

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day that time ran out for two of APPLAUSE

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Minutes ago, Gary Dobson and David Norris have been found guilty of

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the murder of Stephen Lawrence. Despite these verdicts, today is

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not a cause for celebration, how can I celebrate when my son lies

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buried? When I cannot see him, or speak to him, when will I see him

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grow up and go to university, or get married, or have children?

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it not been for the tenacity of the Lawrences and especially Doreen,

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this day might never have come. But there is a private, untold story of

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this woman's quest for justice. This is the story of the Stephen

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Lawrence saga that you have not yet heard through the eyes of his

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mother. He was the first born. I remember I wanted to have a son so

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I was more than over the moon when Stephen was born. As a baby, he had

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a temperament, Stephen did. That hadn't changed while he was growing

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up. He was determined. He knew what he wanted. He was very creative. He

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loved drawing. He took part in all the sports that happened in school.

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He took part in the mini-marathon in '88. How did he do in that?

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came 100 and something. The fact he finished the course was quite good.

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He was like that older brother, that as a younger brother you could

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never get to that level, as much as you tried, as much - it didn't

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matter how hard I worked or trained, when I thought I got to a certain

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place, I would look up and he would move that marker a step forward.

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is hard to believe he would have been 37. I think about him all the

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time. Would he have had a family? Where would he have been in his

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career? Stuff like that. I still have him as being a young man.

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the British public, the Stephen Lawrence story begins in South East

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London on April 22nd, 1993. The events of that evening and the

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aftermath would change the face of race relations in Britain. 18-year-

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old Stephen Lawrence and his friend Duwayne Brooks found themselves in

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Eltham trying to catch a bus home. This was an area that had already

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seen three racist murders in as many years. There is a bus coming.

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Can you see it coming? A gang of white youths crossed the road. One

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of them shouting racist abuse. saw the first person who shouted,

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"What, nigger?" He hit Steve from up above, straight down. At the

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time of the blow, he did scream. I have never heard anybody scream

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like that before. The attack was brief, lasting only ten seconds,

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long enough to inflict two deadly stab wounds. Steve, get up. Stephen,

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let's go. The word "nigger" is used at the scene. It is a sad fact that

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in anything else called a racist murder people look around for other

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explanations. It is a defence mechanism among white people to say,

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"There must be some other explanation" or, "There must be

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some qualifying factors." Here there are no qualifying factors.

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They attack this young man because he's black. Everything points to

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that. Stephen managed to run more than 200 yards before he collapsed.

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This was a remarkable feat as the knife had severed two of his main

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arteries. Steve, get up! Steve! Steve, get up! He died where he

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fell on a cold pavement in Eltham in a pool of his own blood around

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People talk about the knock on the door and my knock on the door

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happened. We drove to the hospital. I remember as I walked in, I saw a

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young man in front of me, I recognised Duwayne straightaway. I

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asked him what had happened. He wasn't able to answer me. A nurse

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ushered us into a room and asked us to wait there. Then we were told

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that Stephen had died. It was like watching a drama, it was like he's

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died, no, he's not, he can't be. Within hours, five boys would

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emerge as a prime suspect and would remain so for the next 18 years.

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They are Gary Dobson, David Norris, Neil Acourt, his brother, Jamie,

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and Luke Knight. Over the years, they have strutted their way

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through an inquest and an inquiry whilst three of them, Dobson,

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Knight and Neil were acquitted of the murder. I followed the case and

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in 2006 I made a programme raising new concerns about the suspects'

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alibis. The case had been dormant, but a fresh review was launched

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resulting in a dramatic discovery of new scientific evidence and in

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2010, two of the five, David Norris and Gary Dobson, were charged with

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murder. Under the double jeopardy law, Dobson cannot be tried twice

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for the same crime without a special hearing at the Court of

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Appeal where it must be proved that the evidence is new and compelling.

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Our journey with Doreen Lawrence begins over a year ago in a

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barristers' chambers in London. When they said they thought they

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had more on Dobson than they did on Norris... Dobson... Doreen, her QC

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and lawyer are preparing for a meeting with the Met Police and the

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Crown Prosecution Service. Doreen has already been told what the new

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evidence is. I will remind you what they found was Stephen's blood on

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Dobson's coat and fibre... Is this new forensic evidence strong enough

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to overcome the double jeopardy hurdle? DNA is a strong piece of

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evidence. So when I hear that there's a link between the suspects

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and the victim based upon DNA, then I think that that is - I can take

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an optimistic outlook. Doreen hasn't. No surprise because of the

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years of failures. They seem to be fairly confident.

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To me, until the time comes when I hear the verdict where they find

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them guilty, that is the only time I'm going to be able to say, "Thank

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God for that" - and yes, I believe that will happen. I can't allow

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myself to be there, I really can't. In her heart of hearts, she wants

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this to be a success. I think if she doesn't get it, I can't imagine

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what affect it would have on her. There is much at stake. Not just

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for the family. For the Met, the Lawrence case has represented a

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running sore on the force's reputation. They have invested

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millions of pounds, they have invested everything in this. This

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is their attempt at redemption and if they get it wrong, they are in

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for a nasty surprise. The Met are terrified of Doreen Lawrence?

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most people are! But for now, the meeting with the prosecutors has

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gone well. We were very pleased they were willing to have the

(Video) Stephen Lawrence: Time for Justice (2012)

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meeting so Doreen could meet the people involved. And get a feeling

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of their approach, the feelings that they have about the case

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because Doreen has been there before. They are very confident. I

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have been there before, when we have been able to say we got this

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and this. It is the Court of Appeal, that will be the test. The court

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has to decide in one case whether in fact it can go back for trial

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before. In order to do that, they have to meet a high threshold. That

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will be the next big test. Over the years, several re-investigations

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have failed to crack the case. It was the first investigation which

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was crucial and it was hampered by incompetence and "institutional

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racism" from the outset. As Stephen lay dying in April 1993, officers

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made a series of fundamental errors and assumptions which would haunt

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the Met for years to come. Where's an ambulance? Call an ambulance.

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Stephen's friend described a racist assault pointing out the direction

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the attackers had fled. They ran up Dickson Road... The police appeared

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to be focusing their suspicions on him. I was in shock. I didn't know

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he had been stabbed. They were more interested in how he got those

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injuries. Was it me that attacked him? Did we have a fight? Or were

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we in a gang fight? Initially believing Stephen had received a

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blow to the head, police failed to detect the real cause of the

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emerging pool of blood - two five- inch stab wounds. Officers were as

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panicked as I was. And seemed to be in shock just as I was. They were

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also repelled from touching him because of the blood, like I was.

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Two passers-by were Christians on their way home from a prayer

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meeting. They were with Stephen during his last moments. They told

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how police failed to provide any medical attention to Stephen.

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was no attempt by the officers to try and stop the blood. The blood

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was fairly visible? Yes. It's a sad thing to leave the world with so

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much hate directed against you. I said, "You are loved." I wanted to

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know that somebody cared. We tried to pray over him, "Lord heal him."

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I wish I had enough faith so I could try and raise him from the

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Two officers tried to take a pulse, but no first aid was administered.

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By the time the paramedics arrived at 10.55pm, Stephen was already

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dead. I checked all of those officers had

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done first aid courses. All of them had no idea what first aid is about.

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I said "What is the ABC of first aid?" They didn't even know what it

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stood for. None of them touched him properly at all. They didn't do any

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first aid at all. There is this confused scene and the police

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inspector arrives. He would say later "takes charge". He made a

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series of assumptions about what had happened for which there were

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no grounds and for which the Macpherson Inquiry would later

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conclude he made those sultss because Duwayne and Stephen were

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REPORTER: The death of their son has left the Lawrences believing

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London is cruel and hostile. The family said they didn't want

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Stephen laid to rest in racist soil. The Lawrences were never able to

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grieve in peace. Just days after the funeral, they received news

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that the Crown Prosecution Service was dropping murder charges against

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two of the suspects. But for Doreen Lawrence that would never do and

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this signalled the beginning of her long battle against the police and

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the judiciary. It's March 2011 and I've come to Jamaica with Doreen.

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I'm hoping to learn about her upbringing, which might give me an

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insight into what has driven this woman all these years. Doreen was

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born as lived in the rural Highlands of Jamaica and used to

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play amongst the trees here. But 1993, this quiet place took on a

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new significance. It's where Stephen is buried. The Lawrences

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keep its location a fiercely guarded secret, but Doreen has

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You can tell by the amount of years I've been coming, the amount of

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flowers that's been brought. It's always a very sad time and as his

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picture's beginning to wear out, I think, I'll have to get another one

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done, for him. I'll get another one done. This is a peaceful place for

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Doreen, a place to reflect and quietly speak to her son. But I am

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slightly taken aback when the anger she still feels rises to the

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surface. I'm really pleased that I have buried him here. Because had

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he been buried in the UK, his grave would have been desecrated so many

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times. Nobody knows where he is. The country didn't deserve to have

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his body any way. They took his life. They didn't deserve him, so...

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I think it's still the best thing that we did, that we brought him

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here, so he can be next to his great grandmother, so she can help

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look after him. I try and talk to him in my head, I just talk to him

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about how we are, what we're doing. I like to have that time that I can

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talk to him. This is a side to Doreen Lawrence the public never

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gets to see. Her reputation is one of an impassioned campaigner and a

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formidable opponent. I wanted to know how those who knew her as a

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child remembered her. We're going to meet a lady, who seems to know

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me. I must have been very young. Hello. You remember me? Yes!

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looked after Doreen's father until he died and has clear memories of a

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young Doreen and a childhood treat that led to her nickname, icy. In

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Britain that would mean that you were quite tough, as a child, is

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that why she was called icy? No. I think it's something in the family

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tradition. All I know that icy hard working persons. I'm definitely

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that. They are kind persons. definitely that. Loving. I think

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I'm that. Yes, I know. I know. been a short trip and there's just

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time for a final visit to Stephen's grave. Though many years have

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passed since his death, these moments do not get any easier.

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like a bitter sweet moment, really. Yes, I have to get home, but at the

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same time, it's saying goodbye to him again. It's always again and

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again. By the time you come back here, to see Stephen again, what

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would you hope to be telling him? That somebody's gone to prison for

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his death. Somebody, hopefully. That's what I'd like to be able to

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tell him. Do you think a positive result in this trial would give you

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closure? I think where I'm concerned that he's no longer here,

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that will always be there for me. But the fact that somebody's been

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held to account and they're going to prison for him, that would be

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Doreen knows she must put the franc wilt of Jamaica behind her and

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prepare for what awaits over the coming months. The countdown to one

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of the most eagerly anticipated murder trials in recent history has

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begun. In 1993, Gary Dobson and David

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Norris were part of the gang of five who have always been the prime

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suspects for this murder. Led by Neil, the eldest of the Acourt

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brothers, the gang had a fearsome reputation for carrying and using

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knives. Dobson was more of a follower, if perhaps brighter than

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the others. Norris was a different story, aged just 16, he was a

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violent son of a drug dealing gangster.

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Within 48 hours of Stephen's murder, the police received no fewer than

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26 tip-offs mostly naming the same group of boys. The boys who did the

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murder, they're five of them. They're nuts.... Involved in a

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stabbing... They call themselves the Crays.... Despite this, no

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arrests were made, not even when a police surveillance team watched

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Jamie Acourt leaving his house carrying a bin liner, potentially

:23:09.:23:13.

full of evidence, get into a car and drive away. The police wasn't

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interested in Stephen. They weren't interested in catching his killers

(Video) Roy Jenkins and Tony Benn debate : The European Communities membership referendum, 1975 - Panorama

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at all. They assumed that Stephen must know his killers, that we must

:23:21.:23:25.

be into crime and so was Stephen and suggesting that they found a

:23:25.:23:30.

glove on Stephen, as if to say, he was into crime. It's like they're

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assuming that all black families are criminals. Spring 2011. It's a

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double jeopardy hearing at the High Court. Only Gary Dobson is subject

:23:44.:23:50.

to these proceed gdz, since David Norris has never stood trial for

:23:50.:23:54.

Stephen's murder. Everything hinges on this hearing. If the CPS cannot

:23:54.:23:58.

persuade the three judges the new evidence meets the legal threshold,

:23:58.:24:04.

there will be no trial at all. Doreen and Imran are preparing for

:24:04.:24:12.

court. We're second day into, to being at the High Court. Once the

:24:12.:24:16.

witnesses are done, the lawyers make submissions to the court as to

:24:16.:24:20.

whether the acquittal should be overturned or not. Once that's

:24:20.:24:25.

heard, submissions made, then we wait. If we get through and the

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judges say, yes, we can go to trial, then there's a much stronger

:24:30.:24:34.

possibility. At the same time, I'm a little bit cautious. I'm not

:24:34.:24:39.

going to say, yeah, I'll just think, this is fantastic. We are going to

:24:39.:24:49.:24:49.:24:56.

get there. Thank you very much. Another day.

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Prosecuters believe they've found the evidence proving Gary Dobson

:24:59.:25:09.:25:09.:25:10.

was part of the group of boys who They claim that at some point

:25:11.:25:14.

during the attack, possibly as a knife was drawn back for a second

:25:14.:25:21.

strike, a tiny spot of Stephen's blood became airborne. It was this

:25:21.:25:25.

microscopic blob, measuring less than half a millimetre, which

:25:25.:25:29.

eventually landed on the collar of Dobson's jacket and crucially,

:25:29.:25:36.

soaked into the weave. New advanced in DNA technology enabled

:25:36.:25:40.

scientists to prove it was Stephen's, with odds of a billion

:25:40.:25:45.

to one that it belonged to anybody else. Clothes fibres belonging to

:25:45.:25:50.

Stephen were also found, but it was this minute blood stain that would

:25:50.:25:54.

form the central plank of the prosecution case. There were fibres

:25:54.:25:59.

that had already been found. They'd been found way back in 1995 and

:25:59.:26:06.

1993. We also followed a line of hair, human hair, that appeared to

:26:06.:26:09.

be quite a considerable amount of human hair. As a result of that,

:26:09.:26:15.

they realised there was a potential for blood as well. At that moment,

:26:15.:26:21.

I think, it became very significant what we'd found. But the defence

:26:21.:26:28.

has an explanation for all of this, contamination. They say that dried

:26:28.:26:32.

blood fragments and fibres from Stephen's blood-stained clothes

:26:32.:26:36.

must have escaped through degenerated seals throughout years

:26:36.:26:41.

of scientific testing. This claim is bolstered by a litany of

:26:41.:26:45.

examples of poor evidence handling, when various key exhibits have been

:26:45.:26:52.

stored or even photographed together. Dobson's team insist this

:26:52.:26:55.

fatally undermines the prosecution evidence and that it doesn't

:26:55.:27:02.

deserve to go before a jury. But for Doreen and Imran, it's the

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first they've heard of it. arrests, all the information didn't

:27:07.:27:11.

collect the evidence. It's a catalogue of stuff. Listening to it

:27:11.:27:16.

now, nothing much has changed. I heard it, I was shocked. It's

:27:16.:27:19.

staggering that if you wanted to pick any case the Metropolitan

:27:20.:27:23.

Police wanted to make sure they had dealt with properly, after all the

:27:23.:27:28.

criticisms, this would be this one. Despite that, things were not being

:27:28.:27:32.

kept properly. What's concerning me now is that I can hear, if this

:27:32.:27:36.

goes to trial, how the defence are going to make hay with this and

:27:36.:27:41.

they're going to suggest to the jury, you can't trust this, putting

:27:41.:27:46.

legal hat on, looking at it, hopefully objectively, you'd say,

:27:46.:27:50.

yeah, they've got over that threshold. I want to be able to say

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to you, I hope I can say to you, I was right. OK, well, I hope so too.

:27:56.:28:06.:28:06.:28:19.

It's Good Friday, it's also the anniversary of Stephen's death. And

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whilst the family waits for the judge's decision, Stuart Lawrence

:28:26.:28:29.

addresses a special memorial service to his brother. I'd just

:28:30.:28:35.

like to share with you two really good memories that we both shared,

:28:35.:28:42.

me and Stephen, every Sunday. As far back as I can remember, we used

:28:42.:28:52.:28:52.:28:56.

to come to this church. I can look around and I can see memories...

:28:56.:29:01.

the early days I questioned why wasn't God there to protect

:29:01.:29:05.

Stephen? I had real difficulty in that, in the early days. I'd just

:29:05.:29:11.

like to say, I'm really grateful for all the help and support you

:29:11.:29:16.

give my family over all these years, especially my mum. And then I start

:29:16.:29:20.

thinking that everything happens for a reason and I think all the

:29:20.:29:24.

things that's happened since Stephen's death, even though he had

:29:24.:29:29.

such a cruel death, it's like it was meant to be, because all the

:29:29.:29:32.

changes happened. Hadn't Stephen died, a lot of things would never

:29:32.:29:35.

have happened. That's the things I start thinking about whenever I'm

:29:35.:29:45.:29:45.:29:52.

People say to me, well, how strong you are - I don't think I'm strong.

:29:52.:29:56.

I think there is something there carrying me and helping me through,

:29:56.:30:02.

so I'm not doing it on my own. If there is one thing I must say, I

:30:02.:30:07.

don't forgive the boys who have killed Stephen. They took away

:30:07.:30:11.

Stephen's life. There's nothing in them, in their behaviour, anything

:30:11.:30:15.

to show that they regret what their actions have done and the pain that

:30:15.:30:25.:30:25.:30:38.

Today the judges deliver their decision and the Lawrences learn

:30:38.:30:44.

Gary Dobson will stand trial for Stephen's murder alongside David

:30:44.:30:50.

Norris. If we get today over with, we can evaluate from there, so to

:30:50.:30:56.

speak. Yeah, it's going to be hard. I'm not sure both individuals are

:30:56.:30:59.

going to be in court today. I suppose I am looking forward to see

:30:59.:31:05.

what they look like now. In the past, say ten years or so, I have

:31:05.:31:12.

not seen so and everybody has grown up and got a bit older. Stephen was

:31:12.:31:16.

never allowed to get older. They have got on with their lives as if

:31:16.:31:21.

nothing has happened. It is like, "Yeah, you thought you got away

:31:21.:31:27.

with it." With a bit of luck, we will say, "Yeah, we've got you," -

:31:27.:31:37.:31:37.:31:43.

well not quite, but we are on the We go into Court 4 and we get the

:31:43.:31:50.

decision. The prosecution are allowed to tell the family and

:31:50.:31:53.

myself an hour before what that decision is going to be so we will

:31:53.:31:57.

know an hour before. So we will go into court knowing the decision. If

:31:57.:32:01.

it is a good decision, that will be an hour on cloud nine. If it is a

:32:01.:32:11.:32:11.:32:25.

bad one, that hour will be a very It is the result Doreen has been

:32:25.:32:29.

waiting for. The new evidence is strong enough to go in front of a

:32:29.:32:34.

jury. Gary Dobson and David Norris will stand trial. It's been a long

:32:34.:32:40.

time in coming, but we still have a long way to go. So, at this moment

:32:40.:32:50.:32:50.:32:51.

in time, all I can think about is Stephen and that perhaps somewhere

:32:51.:32:57.

down the line we will finally get justice for him. It's been a long

:32:57.:33:07.:33:07.:33:12.

time for us to get to this position. Even though you hear all of it, but

:33:12.:33:22.

is it real? After 18 years, are we going to have a trial with the CPS

:33:22.:33:28.

saying, "We want to make something happen"? It's a bit surreal. Is

:33:28.:33:32.

this really happening? Is this some sort of dream? Is this going to be

:33:32.:33:38.

the start of a big hope that ends in disappointment? There will be a

:33:38.:33:43.

trial. It is 18 years too late? Yeah. The worry is having heard

:33:43.:33:48.

some of the evidence, which is fine at this stage, is it enough for a

:33:48.:33:58.

trial? Doreen is no stranger to overcoming obstacles. From the

:33:58.:34:01.

beginning, she found herself up against an establishment that

:34:01.:34:07.

didn't want to listen. Within 48 hours of Stephen's murder, there

:34:07.:34:11.

were already strong grounds for arrest but it took an intervention

:34:12.:34:21.

from the world's number one humanitarian Nelson Mandela before

:34:21.:34:29.

the police moved. It is as if they are condoning what these people are

:34:29.:34:33.

doing. Next day, despite no significant new evidence, police

:34:33.:34:37.

started arresting the suspects, including Dobson and Norris. But

:34:37.:34:42.

during interviews, the boys who were all aged 16 and 17, gave

(Video) PANORAMA LAST CHANCE FOR JUSTICE KEVIN LANE

:34:42.:34:52.:34:52.:34:59.

A vast array of weapons was seized but none could be proved to be the

:34:59.:35:09.:35:09.:35:31.

David Norris also remained tight- Gary Dobson was much more talkative.

:35:31.:35:36.

As well he might be. Dobson had some explaining to do. He had

:35:36.:35:39.

already told police during their house to house enquiries he stayed

:35:39.:35:44.

home all night. By the time of this interview the police knew otherwise.

:35:44.:35:49.

A local youth had heard about the stabbing, put two and two together

:35:49.:35:54.

and turned up at the Acourts' house an hour after the murder. There's

:35:54.:36:00.

been a stabbing. You boys don't know nothing about it? Why should

:36:00.:36:05.

we? This witness would later claim he saw Dobson, Norris and the

:36:05.:36:12.

Acourts cleaning themselves up and acting suspiciously. He's dead.

:36:12.:36:19.

now you've told us... Word got out this boy had spoken to the police

:36:19.:36:29.:36:29.:36:37.

about what he had seen. Dobson Then Dobson repeatedly lied about

:36:37.:36:47.:36:47.:36:53.

But unknown to Dobson, he had been photographed with Norris outside

:36:53.:37:00.

the Acourts' house a week before. Many items of clothing had been

:37:00.:37:04.

seized including a jacket from Dobson and a pair of jeans from

:37:04.:37:07.

Norris' room but they would yield no useful forensic evidence, for

:37:07.:37:17.:37:17.:37:19.

now. By the summer of 1993, the case ground to a halt. Today,

:37:19.:37:23.

Doreen's full-time job is keeping Stephen's case in the public eye.

:37:23.:37:33.:37:33.:37:34.

In a lasting memorial, she helped set up she is the director of the

:37:34.:37:37.

Stephen Lawrence Charitable Trust in Greenwich. Tonight is about

:37:37.:37:41.

celebrating the life of Stephen Lawrence. Doreen hates the

:37:41.:37:45.

limelight but never shirks from being the public face of the

:37:45.:37:51.

campaign. We are honoured to be part of the story with Doreen and

:37:51.:37:56.

Neville and the family. Doreen and Neville divorced in 1999. Events

:37:57.:38:01.

like these are amongst the only times they meet. These balloons are

:38:01.:38:05.

balloons that have Stephen's name and his signature on them. We are

:38:05.:38:15.:38:15.:38:16.

going to invite the family first to release their balloons... God bless

:38:16.:38:20.

you, Stephen. Ladies and gentlemen, a toast to Stephen Lawrence. May

:38:20.:38:30.

his name rise and rise and rise. are here to look back at what's

:38:30.:38:34.

happened since his death and to look forward to the future and the

:38:34.:38:40.

work of the Trust. What I'm most proud of is having this magnificent

:38:41.:38:48.

building and the work that takes place in it, working hard to make

:38:48.:38:54.

Stephen Lawrence' name and all the achievements to be a lasting legacy

:38:54.:39:04.:39:04.:39:07.

for years to come. Thank you. APPLAUSE

:39:07.:39:11.

I lost a loved one. I don't know if I would be able to say things that

:39:11.:39:16.

she does, do the things she does, put a brave face on and meet

:39:16.:39:20.

hundreds of people and all she wants to do is to stick her head

:39:20.:39:27.

under the pillow and just grieve. I have great respect for that, huge

:39:27.:39:32.

admiration. I can carry on with my job. Her, this is her life. I'm so

:39:32.:39:42.:39:42.:39:49.

in awe of the fact she can continue At some point, I would love to be

:39:49.:39:55.

able to say bye-bye and see the Trust support itself. It is hard. I

:39:55.:40:01.

am just a regular mum, you know, who has lost a son and I have

:40:01.:40:06.

campaigned. I think if from the word go had the police caught his

:40:06.:40:10.

killers, and did what they needed to do, nobody would ever hear from

:40:10.:40:20.:40:20.:40:21.

me or know who I am. I have been divorced for the past, what, 11

:40:21.:40:31.

years. Would it be nice to be married? Probably not. Things were

:40:31.:40:34.

probably going wrong before Stephen's death. I have had nobody

:40:34.:40:38.

in my life since then. You can be out with loads of people and you

:40:38.:40:48.:40:48.:40:56.

After the failure of the first investigation in 1993, the family

:40:56.:41:00.

intensified the pressure on the Met and the fresh inquiry was launched

:41:00.:41:05.

the following year. This time, detectives set about their task

:41:05.:41:10.

with vigour and installed a tiny camera in a plug socket of Gary

:41:10.:41:15.

Dobson's flat. The footage showed Dobson, pictured here with the

:41:15.:41:23.

large knife, Norris and others at play and in their element. The

:41:23.:41:33.:41:33.:42:00.

They behave in a way which, as evidence of racism, is shocking

:42:01.:42:10.:42:11.:42:12.

almost beyond belief. Certainly almost beyond unbearing. The film

:42:12.:42:18.

shows Neil Acourt with a knife virtually all the time. As he is

:42:18.:42:21.

talking, he is waving the knife around, he is making stabbing

:42:22.:42:26.

movements in the air, he is making a strange bowling movement with the

:42:26.:42:31.

knife in a sinister way. Rereplicates the way Stephen

:42:31.:42:36.

Lawrence is attacked. It is evidence of a violent obsession

:42:36.:42:41.

with knives, but not evidence of murder. The investigation stalled

:42:41.:42:45.

again. The Lawrences frustrated at yet another failure took matter

:42:45.:42:50.

into their own hands and in 1996 brought a private prosecution.

:42:50.:42:54.

NEWSREEL: The parents of Stephen Lawrence arrive at the Old Bailey...

:42:54.:42:59.

The charges were laid against Gary Dobson, Luke Knight and Neil Acourt

:42:59.:43:07.

but the case rested on Duwayne Brooks who had picked out Acourt

:43:07.:43:15.

and Knight in an ID parade. But his evidence was ruled inadmissible.

:43:15.:43:22.

don't think what's happened today is fair comment. My wife is not

:43:22.:43:28.

here today. I remember collapsing when I went home and they would get

:43:28.:43:33.

a doctor to see me. I think that is probably one of the first times I

:43:33.:43:38.

have seen a doctor since Stephen's death. I have been holding myself

:43:38.:43:44.

for so long that I kept myself going and that was probably the

:43:44.:43:50.

last straw and it affected me quite badly. Three of the suspects,

:43:50.:43:53.

including Dobson, walked free from court. Because of the way the law

:43:53.:44:03.:44:03.:44:09.

stood at the time, they believed In a store room at the back of the

:44:09.:44:16.

Trust, Doreen is taking me through a box of Stephen's belongings. Who

:44:16.:44:22.

is that? He was the one... I can see that despite the public profile,

:44:22.:44:27.

Doreen guards closely her private memories of him. These are some

:44:27.:44:35.

pictures that are of him growing up. I didn't like the idea of too many

:44:35.:44:41.

photos of Stephen being out. I just think that everybody just seems to

:44:41.:44:51.:44:51.:44:54.

want to have photos of him. I think no. The one is enough. This is his

:44:54.:45:04.:45:04.:45:10.

cap from the Cubs and the Scouts. He got his bronze and silver badge,

:45:10.:45:15.

he didn't quite get his gold. This is just his work. Then when I look

:45:15.:45:23.

at the date of when he did that, he did it on April 7, 15 days before

:45:23.:45:31.

he died, when he did that. When you say you can't read it? No, I can't

:45:31.:45:36.

read it. No. Why not? I find it difficult. When I look at what he

:45:36.:45:41.

could achieve and, it's his work here, no, I'm not ready to read

:45:41.:45:51.:45:51.:45:52.

this yet. Not ready to read this yet. In the early days I know there

:45:52.:45:59.

was days when I would lock myself in my room. I didn't come out. That

:45:59.:46:03.

was really a dark place. I know once you're in there, it's very

:46:03.:46:10.

difficult to take yourself back out. I'm always worried about allowing

:46:10.:46:18.

myself to go back there. With just two months until the trial,

:46:19.:46:22.

Doreen's decided to have a family barbeque. It's a rare opportunity

:46:23.:46:29.

to see her and Stuart relaxing. It's a good way to get the family

:46:29.:46:35.

together, to spend some time together, socialising, you know.

:46:35.:46:45.:46:45.:46:46.

That's stressful times and stuff. I hope they're prosecuted for my mum.

:46:46.:46:50.

It would put this to rest and her to move on. That's the most

:46:50.:46:56.

important thing to me really. have you got for your old auntie,

:46:56.:47:03.

darling? Doreen's sister has been a crucial pillar of support

:47:03.:47:07.

throughout the years. She didn't ask for this. This is not the life

:47:07.:47:14.

she planned for herself. I think from the 2 2nd April 1993, her

:47:14.:47:19.

world became dark. I'm hoping by the end of the year, there will be

:47:19.:47:27.

a light. What we need is justice. I don't think she'll stop until she

:47:27.:47:37.:47:37.:47:38.

hears "guilty". It was the Lawrence family's relentless search for

:47:38.:47:44.

answers which eventually forced the full public inquiry in 1998

:47:44.:47:47.

REPORTER: Doreen Lawrence has been highly critical of the police

:47:47.:47:52.

investigation into her son's death. The Macpherson Inquiry would become

:47:52.:48:01.

the water shed moment in British race relations history. It exposed

:48:01.:48:06.

the Met and in particular its first investigation into Stephen's murder

:48:06.:48:13.

as institutionally racist. I think she went through the inquiry almost

(Video) Justice Denied The Greatest Scandal prt 1

:48:13.:48:17.

saying "I told you so. I told you so." Look, this is what was

:48:17.:48:23.

happening and I knew it all along. The crucial thing about the

:48:23.:48:25.

institutional racism, is that there was a collective failure of the

:48:25.:48:30.

police, as we call it, a collective failure. Almost every decision that

:48:30.:48:35.

should have been made didn't get made. If it did get made, there

:48:35.:48:41.

aren't records of it. If it was made, the decision was wrong.

:48:41.:48:45.

William Macpherson called for a complete overhaul of police

:48:45.:48:48.

training and crucially a change in the double jeopardy law, which

:48:48.:48:52.

eventually led to the current prosecution. But the inquiry would

:48:52.:48:55.

be remembered as much for its damning verdict of the met as it

:48:55.:48:58.

would for the scenes outside after the five suspects had finished

:48:58.:49:03.

their evidence and revealed very little once again. They were just

:49:03.:49:08.

laughing in our faces. They knew that was it. They'd got away with

:49:08.:49:15.

murder. People just had enough of them and was pelting them with all

:49:15.:49:21.

sorts of fruit, bottles and all sorts of things thrown at them. But

:49:21.:49:25.

they came across as exactly the type of person that they are, evil,

:49:25.:49:35.:49:35.:49:50.

It's the first day of the trial, the day she's been waiting for for

:49:50.:49:56.

18 years and I had, perhaps naively, expected Doreen and Stuart to be

:49:56.:50:03.

more upbeat. Just numb at the moment. The media attention is

:50:03.:50:09.

going to be even more intense than ever. It's like something new, you

:50:09.:50:17.

know, it may be going on for 18 years, but it's still something new.

:50:17.:50:22.

Listening to the news this morning, you know, it's so clinical, how the

:50:22.:50:28.

reporters, how they talk about it. It's just a matter of fact. It's a

:50:28.:50:35.

statement. It's emotional involvement for me. Most of the

:50:35.:50:39.

stuff is resting on contamination. What the prosecution is saying for

:50:39.:50:42.

us is that they are ready for that, they have answers for it. Dare I

:50:42.:50:47.

say if we meet in five weeks' time, I think we'll have a conviction.

:50:47.:50:51.

What do they say, the proof of the pudding is in the eating? Until

:50:51.:50:57.

that happens, nobody can be certain. Are you ready? If there's such a

:50:57.:51:01.

thing as being ready. Just put one foot in front of the other really,

:51:01.:51:11.:51:11.:51:25.

as I've been doing for the past 18 In the following weeks the

:51:25.:51:29.

Lawrences would hear testimony from dozens of police and forensic

:51:29.:51:34.

witnesses. And for the first time, the case against David Norris was

:51:34.:51:41.

revealed. On a sweatshirt found in his bedroom, during the original

:51:41.:51:45.

search of his house, there were six fibres that matched Stephen's

:51:45.:51:52.

trousers. Also, a fibre that matched Stephen's polo shirt. On

:51:52.:51:58.

his jeans, there was found amongst the debris on the surface, two very,

:51:58.:52:05.

very small fragments of hair. And mitochondrial DNA of that hair

:52:05.:52:08.

matches Stephen Lawrence and his maternal relatives. Norris would

:52:08.:52:13.

tell the jury the garments didn't belong to him. Dobson said he

:52:13.:52:18.

hadn't worn the key jacket for years before the murder. Dobson's

:52:18.:52:21.

defence meant a stinging attack on the principal evidence, the blood

:52:21.:52:26.

stain on the jacket collar. They claim that one of these dried blood

:52:26.:52:31.

fragments from Stephen found their way to Dobson's jacket through

:52:31.:52:34.

cross-contamination. When scientists tested the jacket for

:52:34.:52:39.

traces of saliva, they sprayed it with water before covering it with

:52:39.:52:42.

a paper sheet and wait to squeeze them together. It's during this

:52:42.:52:47.

process, they say, that one of Stephen's blood flakes became

:52:47.:52:53.

liquid again and soaked into the fabric. The defence didn't offer

:52:53.:52:58.

any scientific experts of their own. But the lead prosecution scientist

:52:58.:53:01.

carried out a series of tests to see if this saliva examination

:53:01.:53:08.

could explain the blood stain. During our experimentation we were

:53:08.:53:12.

never able to replicate the stain on the collar using dried flakes of

:53:12.:53:17.

blood from Stephen Lawrence or from the blood from the packaging. The

:53:17.:53:21.

nature and appearance of that stain indicated that it was the result of

:53:21.:53:26.

wet blood landing on that garment. And it was not the result of the

:53:26.:53:30.

testing that had been conducted subsequently on the item. One of

:53:30.:53:33.

the explanations for the stain was that the wearer of that jacket was

:53:33.:53:38.

at the scene of the attack? Yes. But the jury was told how a

:53:38.:53:42.

comprehensive police review of the handling of each exhibit over the

:53:42.:53:48.

past 18 years exposed a series of contamination plunders. Given that

:53:48.:53:51.

this is one of the most High profile, unsolved murders in

:53:51.:53:57.

Britain, never mind in the Met, wouldn't the Lawrences be entitled

:53:57.:54:01.

to expect that these exhibits would have been better looked after?

:54:01.:54:08.

I think that they were things I wish were better, but they didn't

:54:08.:54:13.

affect the evidence that we've placed before the court. I'm not a

:54:13.:54:17.

scientist. I go to scientists and had they have said to me, well,

:54:17.:54:22.

that is a disaster. Then I would have, my heart would have sank. But

:54:22.:54:28.

at no stage did we get that. Four weeks into the trial, after intense

:54:28.:54:32.

legal debate, a jury was shown the police surveillance video for the

:54:32.:54:42.:54:42.:54:44.

very first time, 17 years after it Both defendants took to the stand

:54:44.:54:49.

to denounce their extreme racism and proclaim their innocence.

:54:49.:54:53.

Alibis were offered. Stephen and Pauline Dobson swore their son was

:54:53.:55:00.

at home at the time of the murder, as did Norris's mother. The

:55:00.:55:03.

defendants' fate is now in the hands of the jury, which, after six

:55:03.:55:13.:55:13.:55:26.

weeks of evidence, is sent out to After deliberating for more than

:55:26.:55:30.

eight-and-a-half hours, the jury has finally returned its verdict,

:55:30.:55:35.

Gary Dobson and David Norris have been found guilty of the murder of

:55:35.:55:38.

Stephen Lawrence. They now face prison. For the Lawrences, after a

:55:38.:55:45.

wait of more than 18 years, justice has finally been delivered.

:55:45.:55:49.

In her only post verdict television interview, Doreen told me of her

:55:49.:55:57.

relief. Just so numb. I think when the, when we were told that the

:55:57.:56:02.

jury was, the verdict was in, all of a sudden you just feel gosh,

:56:02.:56:05.

panic, whereas before, even though I was sort of really holding myself,

:56:06.:56:09.

it seems to have just got even tighter still. So when they said

:56:09.:56:13.

that you know, you just feel something inside like snap, to say

:56:14.:56:18.

thank God. When it's both of them, that's even more. You were very

:56:19.:56:25.

emotional in court. Was it like an outpouring of 18 years of... Grief.

:56:25.:56:31.

Some part of that I feel that it's just releasing some of the stress

:56:31.:56:34.

and strain that's been happening, that's been building up for the

:56:34.:56:39.

past 18 years. It's not all out. I just think I'm still, you know, am

:56:39.:56:44.

I going to keep pinching myself to say that they've actually been

:56:44.:56:51.

found guilty? I think it will take a little while to sink in.

:56:51.:56:55.

Doreen Lawrence this verdict may represent a chance for closure. For

:56:55.:57:01.

the Met and for Britain, the legacy of Stephen Lawrence will endure.

:57:01.:57:06.

This case is extraordinary, which has had more impact on policing

:57:06.:57:09.

than any other single case I can think of in modern times and

:57:09.:57:14.

possibly in the history of the met. The way we approach homicide

:57:14.:57:19.

investigations is utterly changed. The way we approach working with

:57:19.:57:22.

families and with communities is completely changed. The face of the

:57:22.:57:29.

met has changed. I meet many people in my work, and the one thing they

:57:29.:57:34.

all say is what a fantastic job the Lawrences have done. That's white

:57:34.:57:37.

people as well as black people. It's not necessarily just about

:57:37.:57:39.

black and white. It's about whatever background you're from, it

:57:40.:57:47.

means you can't get away with doing the things that you did before.

:57:47.:57:52.

Even after all this time, the name of Stephen Lawrence is instantly

:57:53.:57:57.

recognised and even among people who weren't alive when he was

:57:57.:58:02.

killed, the name alone is a key to a whole series of issues and

:58:02.:58:06.

thoughts, positive ideas about Britain and race. If that's Stephen

:58:07.:58:10.

Lawrence's legacy, it's a very fine one. We should be very grateful to

:58:10.:58:17.

him. Stephen's name will go down in

(Video) JUSTICE FOR GRENFELL - DOCUMENTARY

:58:17.:58:21.

history for all sorts of things. That's a positive. I'd rather have

:58:21.:58:31.:58:31.:58:31.

my son here than having his name attached to a legacy. Gary Dobson

:58:31.:58:36.

and David Norris are now convicted of the murder of Stephen Lawrence.

:58:36.:58:42.

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